Ethanol wird durch Vergärung von in Pflanzen enthaltenen Zuckern gewonnen. Grundsätzlich eignen sich zucker-, stärke- und cellulosehaltige Pflanzen. Biodiesel bleibt mit ca. 2,0 Mio. Tonnen der wichtigste Biokraftstoff in Deutschland. Er wird als Reinkraftstoff und vor allem über die Beimischung zu normalem. Biomass should the environment, the climate and nature conservation in the interest so manufactured that their use for energy production causes at least 35 per.
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The scarcity of fossil oil is no new concern. Resource efficiency and climate protection Today, the mobility of our society is mainly ensured by fossil fuels, especially crude oil whose reserves are limited. Plant materials offer biokraftsfoffe only technically proven and quickly implementable option to substitute fossil fuels in the transport sector.
Also, the enhancement of bioraftstoffe greenhouse effect caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases through the burning of fossil fuels causing global warming may change climate and living conditions on Earth.
What are biofuels needed for? While the market shares of renewable energies in the heat and electricity sector by now became significant, fuels are still gained almost entirely from fossil resources.
Despite all, a totally self-contained biofuel supply will hardly be possible in the densely populated countries of Central Europe. Therefore they can slowdown climate change. Apart from biomethane, which is biokrafttoffe identical to natural gas, biofuels are liquid and therefore easy to store and distributed through the existing network of filling stations.
Biokraftstoffe im Vergleich
Biofuels contribute to climate protection releasing only the amount of carbon dioxide during the combustion process which was previously fixed in the plants.
Biokraftstoffverbrauch Deutschland 2016
Even though nobody can predict exactly when those reserves will be depleted, experts agree about the fact that biokrafstoffe to the rising global demand cheap oil is scarce. For those reasons biofuels make up today about 5. Biofuels from waste, residues, wood and other renewable resources offer conceivable alternatives and will continue to contribute significantly to a sustainable mobility. Even if their CO2 balance is not completely neutral due to the manufacturing process, they are able to contribute to significant reductions in the greenhouse gas emissions of the transport sector.
FNR: Mediathek – Kraftstoffverbrauch in Deutschland
There are different types of biofuels like biodiesel, rapeseed oil, ethanol, or methane from biogas currently available on the market. They have a similar high energy density as conventional fuels and do not limit the usual cruising radius.
Furthermore, synthetic biofuels and BtL-biofuels are currently under development. Bioenergy in Germany – Facts and Figures As already mentioned biofuels contribute to significant reductions in the greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector releasing only the amount of carbon dioxide during the combustion process which was previously fixed in the plants.
Today, the mobility cnr our society is mainly ensured by fossil fuels, especially crude oil whose reserves are limited.