The basic laws of human stupidity [Carlo M Cipolla] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of Professor Carlo M Cipolla taught at several universities in Italy, and for. In , the University of California, Berkeley, published an essay that Carlo M. Cipolla, a professor of economic history wrote, which outlines.

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So bewildered was I by the results, that I made a special point to extend my research to a specially selected group, to a real elite, the Nobel laureates. We may assume that is related to cpolla low cultural level or the fact that people are not stupid people more opportunities to have good jobs.

A stupid person is a person who causes losses to another person or to a group of persons while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses. Under certain circumstances a given person acts intelligently and under different circumstances the same person stupidiyt act helplessly.

The basico laws of human stupidity : Carlo Cipolla :

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carlo M. Cultural trends now fashionable in the West favour an egalitarian approach to life. The definitive essay on the subject is younger.

The Third Basic Law assumes, although it does not state it explicitly, that human beings fall into four basic categories: His essay about stupidity encompasses all those other topics, and perhaps all of human experience. Stupid people are seen as a groupmore powerful by far than major organizations such as the Mafia and the industrial complexwhich without regulations, leaders or manifesto nonetheless manages to operate to great effect and with incredible coordination.

Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation: Always and inevitably, everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation.

Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. When confronted with a stupid individual you are completely at his mercy. Closer scrutiny will however reveal its realistic veracity. This proves the original point: Cipolla illustrations by James Donnelly Table of contents The first basic law of human stupidity The second basic law The third and golden basic law Frequency distribution The power of stupidity The fourth basic law The fifth wtupidity law.


With a stupid person all this is absolutely impossible as explained stupidty the Third Basic Law.

Improbable Research: the laws of human stupidity | Education | The Guardian

I know how I am or were stupid. Loading comments… Trouble loading? When stupid people are at work, the story is totally different. There are two distinct, unhelpful groups: It will be easily recognized by the perspicacious reader stupldity these four categories correspond to the four areas I, H, S, B, of the basic graph see below.

The only important exception to the rule is represented by the stupid people who normally show a strong proclivity toward perfect consistency in all fields of cipol,a endeavours. Fourth Law Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid people.

Everyone can use this system to study the stupidity and process the application of the Theory of Cipolla in all its possible variations.

The most remarkable fact about the ccipolla of stupidity is that Xipolla succeeds in making this frequency equal to the probability quite independently from the size of the group.

The fact that the activity and movements of a stupid creature cipollla absolutely erratic and irrational not only makes defense problematic but it also makes any counter-attack extremely difficult – like trying to shoot at an object which is capable of the most improbable and unimaginable movements. The X axis measures the benefits derived from their actions. We can recollect cases in which a fellow took an action by which both parties gained: But because of the erratic behaviour of the stupid, one cannot foresee all the stupid’s actions and reactions and before long one will be pulverized by the unpredictable moves of the stupid partner.


Fifth Law The stupid person is the most dangerous type of person that ciolla. Nobody knows, understands or can possibly explain why that preposterous creature does what he does. The Women’s Liberation Movement will support the Second Basic Law as it shows that stupid individuals are proportionately as numerous among men as among women.

You can foresee a bandit’s actions, his nasty manoeuvres tsupidity ugly aspirations and often can build up your defenses. Most bandits actually fall in area B 2.

The basico laws of human stupidity

The individuals who fall in this area are those whose actions yield to them gains inferior to the losses inflicted to other people. It stuoidity my firm conviction, supported by years of observation and experimentation, that men are not equal, that some are stupid and others are not, and that the difference is determined by nature and not by cultural forces or factors.

Whether the Second Basic Law is liked or not, however, its implications are frightening: One may hope to outmanoeuvre the stupid and, up to a point, one may actually do so. All this suggests some reflection on the performance of societies. In the basic graph the perfect bandits would appear on a degree diagonal line that divides the area B into two perfectly symmetrical sub-areas line OM of figure 2.

People like to think of human beings as the output of a perfectly engineered mass production machine. But upon thoughtful reflection you must admit that these are not the events which punctuate most frequently our daily life. Clpolla confronted for the first time with the Third Basic Law, rational people instinctively react with feelings of skepticism and incredulity.